国际博物馆协会、国际古迹遗址理事会关于圣索菲亚大教堂的联合声明

中国古迹遗址保护协会 2020-07-17 原文链接

 

 

国际博物馆协会、国际古迹遗址理事会,与国际社会一道,对土耳其当局将圣索菲亚大教堂从博物馆变更回清真寺的决定,以及该决定对这座杰出艺术作品和文化遗产的保护和开放性带来的隐患表示关切。

1934年,圣索菲亚大教堂成为一座博物馆。这项颇具象征意义的决策,致力于向公众敞开她的大门,使所有人都能感受到蕴含其中的壮美而丰厚的文化内涵。从那一刻起,无论是土耳其人民,还是来自世界各地的游客,都能够欣赏这一人类建筑史上的伟大杰作,细细领略那些穿越拜占庭、奥斯曼时代的艺术精品。这种跨越文化的交融性,早已深深印刻在这座博物馆的基因之中。

这项普世共享的遗产的重要意义在1985年获得了进一步升华,不仅因为她列入了联合国教科文组织的《世界遗产名录》,也因为世界遗产授予土耳其作为缔约国所应承担的庄严使命。圣索菲亚大教堂是不可替代的,她见证了文明交融的往昔,延续着文化交流的传统;她从历史的风霜中走来,并为今天和未来所享有。国际博物馆协会、国际古迹遗址理事会持有共同的立场:无论圣索菲亚大教堂未来的功能和所属如何变化,都应对其实施保护,使其面向公众开放,这是一切管理措施的核心。

作为一座博物馆,得益于策展研究员、学者、专业工作者智慧的汇聚,圣索菲亚大教堂成为了教育和研究的圣地。土耳其和全球的专家们持续不断的对话,丰富了我们对这处古迹的认知,使其在时光的洗礼中得到更有效的保护。这些研讨和对话必须继续开展下去,才能确保圣索菲亚大教堂的方方面面都能获得应有的呵护。

鉴于以上原因,国际博物馆协会、国际古迹遗址理事会,以及已经就圣索菲亚大教堂丧失其博物馆功能表达了遗憾之意的旗下委员会,对联合国教科文组织等国际组织和国际学术共同体的相关声明表示支持。

翻译:燕海鸣

审校:解立、王毅

英文原文

Along with the international community, ICOM and ICOMOS jointly express their concerns regarding the decision by the Turkish authorities to reverse the status of Hagia Sophia from a museum to a mosque, and the repercussions this may have in terms of the conservation and accessibility of this outstanding artistic and cultural heritage.

Since 1934, Hagia Sophia has been a museum, a decision motivated as a symbolic gesture to openly present to the public the spectacular multi-layered cultural richness of this monument. The Turkish people and tourists from all over the world have since then had the opportunity to visit this architectural masterpiece and contemplate its stunning works of art of the Byzantine and Ottoman periods, an intercultural exchange inscribed in the museum’s DNA.

The importance of this shared heritage was strengthened with the inscription of the monument on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985, and the commitments this entails for Turkey as a State Party. It recognizes Hagia Sophia’s role as an irreplaceable testimony of a multicultural past and the continuing dialogue between cultures – a monument that has stood the test of time for the benefit of the present and future generations. ICOM and ICOMOS share the opinion that conservation and accessibility must continue to be at the heart of the management of Hagia Sophia, regardless of its future function and jurisdiction.

While functioning as a museum, Hagia Sophia also served as a place for education and research, benefiting from the exchange of knowledge between curators, scholars and specialists. The continuous discussions gathering Turkish and international experts certainly enrich the understanding of the monument and support the conservation efforts to mitigate the effects of time on the structure. The discussions among experts must also continue especially to ensure the future care of Hagia Sophia in every aspect of its preservation.

For these reasons, ICOM and ICOMOS, and their respective committees which have already ex-pressed their sadness to see this symbolic monument losing its museum status, concur with the statements made by partner organizations such as UNESCO as well as the academic community.